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Information About Birth control

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  Birth control
 
Birth control is a regimen of one or more actions, devices, or medications followed in order to deliberately prevent or reduce the likelihood of a woman giving birth or becoming pregnant. Methods and intentions typically termed birth control may be considered a pivotal ingredient to family planning. Mechanisms which are intended to reduce the likelihood of the fertilization of an ovum by a spermatozoon may more specifically be referred to as contraception. Contraception differs from abortion in that the former prevents fertilization, whereas abortion terminates an already established pregnancy. Methods of birth control which may prevent the implantation of an embryo if fertilization occurs are described (controversially) by either term.

Birth control is a controversial political and ethical issue in many cultures and religions, and although it is generally less controversial than abortion specifically, it is still opposed by many. There are various degrees of opposition, including those who oppose all forms of birth control short of sexual abstinence; those who oppose forms of birth control they deem "unnatural," while allowing natural family planning; and those who support most forms of birth control that prevent fertilization, but oppose any method of birth control which prevents a fertilized embryo from attaching to the uterus and initiating a pregnancy.

Birth control methods

  • celibacy, or sexual abstinence (some may consider these be more properly called alternatives to birth control)
  • non-vaginal sex, such as
    • Sex without penetration ("outercourse")
    • Anal sex or oral sex
  • Withdrawal, i.e. coitus interruptus
  • Barrier methods, often combined with spermicides
    • Condom (male and female)
    • Diaphragm
    • Lea's shield
    • Cervical cap
    • Contraceptive sponge
  • Chemical methods
    • Combined estrogen & progesterone:
      • Combined oral contraceptive pill ("The Pill")
      • Contraceptive patch
      • NuvaRing (vaginally inserted)
      • Lunelle (monthly injection)
    • Progesterone used alone:
      • Progesterone only pill (POP)
      • Depo Provera (injection every three months)
      • Implants (such as Norplant or Implanon)

(Most combined pills and POPs may also be taken as high doses as emergency contraception, also known as the morning after pill.)

  • Intrauterine methods
    • Intrauterine Device ("IUD") which may also be used for emergency contraception
    • IntraUterine System ("IUS")
  • Fertility Awareness Methods aka Natural family planning
  • Lactational Amenorrhea Method
  • Abortion methods
    • Surgical abortion
    • Chemical abortion
    • Herbal abortifacients
  • Surgical sterilization
    • Tubal ligation for women
    • Vasectomy for men

This article is from Wikipedia. All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License
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