Restless Legs Syndrome presents itself in many ways; however, in almost all cases Restless Legs Syndrome is described as an unpleasant sensation in the legs when sitting or lying still. The pain experienced by Restless Legs Syndrome is usually felt in the calves and can be temporarily relieved by stretching the leg muscles. Even though Restless Legs Syndrome can be relieved through stretching, the constant need to stretch often leaves the sufferer unable to sleep.
Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder that is characterized by the following four major features:
- A compulsory desire to move the limbs usually associated with a sensation of burning or tingling;
- Motor movement to relieve the discomfort such as floor pacing, leg rubbing, or streching the limb;
- Partial or temporary relief of symptoms by activity;
- Leg cramps ; and
- Worsening of the symptoms at rest and in the evening or night.
Periodic limb movement disorder involves involuntary movements of the legs and arms. These movements tend to occur when the sufferer is asleep. Many of those who suffer from the disorder are unaware of the movements. Episodes occur at regular intervals, usually every 30 seconds during the first of 5 sleep phases. Although it is rare, those who suffer this disorder can be awakened by their involuntary movements, leading to a sensation of excessive drowsiness during the day.
Consider the following Restless Legs Syndrome treatments:
- Restless Legs Syndrome sufferers find relief with hot baths or leg massages.
- Periodic Limb Movement sufferers usually sleep right through their symptoms and require little or no treatment.
- Restless Legs Syndrome sufferers and Periodic Limb Movement sufferers should visit a sleep disorder clinic.