The cause of the skin condition known as Vitiligo is unknown at this point in time. Vitiligo (Vitiligo Vulgaris or Common Vitiligo) is a Pigmentation Disorder in which Melanocytes (pigment making skin cells), the mucous membranes, and the retina (inner layer of the eye) are destroyed. As a result of the Depigmentation, white patches of skin appear on different parts of the body. Even the hair that grows in the affected areas usually goes through Depigmentation.
The cause of Vitiligo Patches is not known, but doctors and researchers have several different theories. One theory is that people develop antibodies that destroy the Melanocytes in their own bodies. Another theory is that Melanocytes destroy themselves. Finally, some people have reported that a single event such as a sunburn or emotional distress triggered Vitiligo Patches. These events have not been scientifically proven to cause Vitiligo Patches.
Consider some of the types of VariantVitiligo:
- Linear Vitiligo
- Segmental Vitiligo
- Trichrome Vitiligo
- Inflammatory Vitiligo
Consider some of the following Vitiligo Patterns:
- Vitiligo Focal Pattern – (Depigmentation limited to one or few areas)
- Vitiligo Segmental Pattern – (Depigmentation limited to one side of the body)
- Vitiligo Generalized Pattern – (Depigmentation occurs on various areas of the body)
The treatment goal for Vitiligo is to restore the skin's color by restoring healthy Melanocytes to the skin. This process is known as Repigmentation. And the desired result is to allow the skin to regain its normal appearance.
Consider some of the following treatment options:
- Prescription steroid creams (for recently diagnosed or Spreading Vitiligo)
- Sunless tanning
- Autologous skin grafts
- Protect depigmented skin against excessive sun exposure