A Keloid is a greatly enlarged scar that projects above the skin surface. The skin heals by formation of scar tissue, which at first is often red and somewhat prominent. As time passes, a scar normally becomes flat. However, sometimes scars enlarge with time to form firm, smooth, hard growths called Keloids. Keloidosis is a term used when multiple or repeated instances of keloids are formed on the skin.
Keloid Scars can result form any of the following skin injuries:
- minor scratches
- surgical incisions
- traumatic wounds
- vaccination sites
Most Keloids will flatten and become less noticeable as time passes. Keloid Scars may become irritated from any type of rubbing or friction. Keloids,which cover large areas or are located in areas such as joints, may begin to limiting natural and normal mobility. Also, Keloids may cause cosmetic changes and affect an individual’s appearance. In some instances, Keloids take on pigment with exposure to UV rays causing a tan or dark coloration to become permanent.
Some of the Keloid treatments that are available are as follows:
- Cryotherapy (freezing the Keloid)
- External Pressure
- Corticosteroid Injections (Steroids Injection)
- Laser Treatments
- Surgical Removal (Keloid Removal)
Always consult with a physician before diagnosing and or treating Keloids.