Head Lice (also known as Cooties) are little brown or gray colored insects that reside on hair covered areas of the human skin. Head Lice do not have wings thus limiting their mobility. Head Lice have six legs and are around 2 to 4 mm long and 1 mm wide by the time they reach adulthood.
Head Lice live on hair and skin for close to three weeks before they die. During that time the Female Head Louse can lay up to six eggs every day. These tiny yellow-white colored eggs are referred to as Nits. The Head Louse will glue its Nits to hair follicles when laying its eggs.
Most people first notice head lice because they get a creepy feeling that something is crawling around on their scalp. Also consider some of the following signs and symptoms of Head Lice:
- intense itching
- crusty sores on the scalp from scratching
- small red bumps from scratching
- black powdery substance on bed coverings and cloths ( Head Lice bodily waste)
The itching may not always start immediately. In some cases, it can take people weeks to finally notice the symptoms of Head Lice . Symptoms will progressively get worse until the Lice are treated through any number of Delousing or Lousing methods.
Lice are not dangerous; however, Lice cause extreme discomfort including the symptoms noted above. Head Lice are highly contagious and can spread very quickly. This is especially true for people that are involved in activities that require a group setting such as schools, places of employment, child-care centers, parties, sporting events playgrounds). A Female Louse can lay up to 100 Nits at a rate of six per day, and Nits will hatch into Nymphs about 7 days after they are laid.
Consider the following Head Lice treatment options:
- medicated Head Lice Shampoo
- medicated Head Lice Cream
- medicated Head Lice Lotion
- special Lice Rinses to ease the process of combing out Nits
- wash or dry-clean all bed linens and clothing
- vacuum carpets and upholsteries
- soak hair-care items in rubbing alcohol (or wash in hot water)
- wet hair and extract Head Lice, Nymphs, and Nits using a comb