Tuberculosis is often referred to as TB. Tuberculosis is caused by an infection of the bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB or Tuberculosis usually occurs as pneumonia in the lungs; however, tuberculosis can also occur in the following organs:
- Lymph nodes
- And other organs
Tuberculosis is spread from one person to another through the air. If someone with tuberculosis has coughed and someone near by breaths in the air that has been coughed the mycobacterium tuberculosis can spread to the other person. Even though TB spreads through the air as described, a person generally has to breathe the same air for a long time in order to catch tuberculosis. There is a new type of tuberculosis starting to spread itself called drug resistant tuberculosis or drug resistant TB.This new strand of tuberculosis has developed in people that stop taking the TB medication to soon. This new strand of tuberculosis has started to spread itself; however, most cases of drug resistant tuberculosis can still be cured.