Coronary artery disease is the result of the build up of fatty deposits or plaque in the coronary arteries. These arteries supply blood to the heart muscle. The blockage in the coronary artery prevents blood from reaching the heart muscle. Blockages can occur in one or several of the coronary arteries. Physicians will diagnose coronary artery disease and recommend a specific treatment for a particular disease condition.
Each year thousands of people with coronary artery disease will need treatment to increase the blood flow to their hearts. Treatment depends on many factors, such as a person’s age, heart muscle function, the size and location of the arterial obstruction, and other health issues. Typical treatment options for coronary artery disease include:
- Drug therapy
- Balloon Angioplasty
- Coronary stents
- Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)