Macular Degeneration is a common eye disease affecting millions of people across the globe. Macular Degeneration causes deterioration of the macula. The macula is the central area of the retina. The sharpest and clearest straight forward vision is processed by the macula. As more and more damage happens to the macula, a patient’s vision will start to develop more and more blind spots resulting in blurred or distorted vision. This process is known as Macular Degeneration.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a major cause of visual impairment in the United States and for people over age 65 it is the leading cause of legal blindness among Caucasians. Macular Degeneration affects the central vision, but not the peripheral vision. As a result, Macular Degeneration doesn't cause total blindness. Consider the following initial signs of Macular Degeneration:
- need for more light to see close-up
- fine print may become harder to read
- street signs may become more difficult to recognize
- eventually straight lines may appear distorted or crooked
- gray or blank spots may appear in the center of your visual field
The condition of Macular Degeneration usually develops gradually, but in some instances may progress rapidly, leading to severe vision loss in one or both eyes. Consult with a doctor for diagnosis and treatment options.