Diabetes is a disease where the body is unable to produce or unable to properly use and store glucose. Glucose is a form of sugar. Diabetes causes glucose to back up in the bloodstream. As more and more glucose remains in the bloodstream blood glucose or blood sugar levels can rise too high. Many side effects can result from highbloodsugar levels. Consider the following diabetes symptoms as you seek to properly diagnose and treat diabetes:
- being very thirsty
- frequent urination
- weight loss
- increased hunger
- blurry vision
- tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
- frequent skin, bladder, or gum infection
- wounds that don't heal
- extreme unexplained fatigue
There are two major types of diabetes. Consider the following information as it relates to both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
In type 1 diabetes (also called juvenile-onsetdiabetes or insulin-dependentdiabetes), the body completely stops producing any insulin. Insulin is a hormone that enables the body to use glucose to produce energy. Sufferers of type 1 diabetes must take daily insulin injections in order to survive. Type 1 diabetes usually develops in children or young adults; however, it can occur at any age.
Type 2 diabetes (also called adult-onset diabetes or non insulin-dependentdiabetes) results when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin and/or is unable to use insulin properly (insulin resistance). Type 2 diabetes usually occurs in people who have the following characteristics:
- over the age of 40
- family history of diabetes
Although the above characteristics are common in the majority of diagnosed diabetes cases, at present diabetes is increasingly occurring in younger people, particularly adolescents.
Anyone diagnosed with diabetes should be seen at least once every six months by an endocrinologist (diabetes specialist). In addition to the visits with the endocrinologist, patients should periodically visit with a diabetes nurse educator, dietitian, exercise physiologist, ophthalmologist, and a mental health professional. In order to ensure that blood sugar levels stay in the normal rang, a diabetes sufferer should monitor his or her blood glucose level on a daily basis. To combat the exorbitant costs of treating and staying on top of diabetes, it is important to research out the best and most affordable diabetesinsurance provider available.