Invasive Candidiasis is a fungal infection that occurs when candida species enter the blood. When the candida species enter the blood it can cause a candida bloodstream infection, which can spread throughout the body easily infecting the various organs of the body. Systemic Candidiasis is an overgrowth of Candida throughout the body. In the most severe cases, Candida can travel through the bloodstream to invade every organ in the body causing Candida Septicemia, a type of blood poisoning.
The symptoms of Invasive Candidiasis are not specific. However, one of the most widespread symptoms of Invasive Candidiasis is a persistent fever and chills, which do not improve after antibiotic therapy. Additional specific symptoms may develop if the Invasive Candida Infection spreads to specific organs such as:
The additional specific symptoms will vary depending on the site of infection. If the Invasive Candidiasis does not respond to treatment, the patient’s organs may fail and cause death.
One of the most common forms of Invasive Candidiasis, which is called Candidemia, is one of the most common bloodstream infections among hospitalized patients in the United States . Persons at high risk for Candidemia include low-birth-weight babies, surgical patients, and those whose immune systems are deficient.
Invasive Candidiasis in most cases is treated with the following drugs:
- Amphotericin B injections/IV
- Azole administered by mouth or injection/IV
- Micafungin Sodium injections/IV