Genital Candidiasis is more commonly known as a Yeast Infection or VVC. Genital Candidiasis is a common fungal infection that occurs when there is overgrowth of the candida fungus. In most cases, Genital Candidiasis develops from the change or imbalance of normal acidity in the vagina, as well as hormonal balance changes. These changes can cause normal and needed bacteria levels to fall, increasing the sugar levels in various areas of the body including the genital area. Candida is always present in the body in small quantities, however; candida can multiply and thrive when there is an excess of sugar (glycogen) available in the host. When candida are able to multiply in the host, symptoms of Yeast Infection or Vaginitis start to appear.
The following conditions may put a woman at risk for Genital Candidiasis:
- Diabetes mellitus
- Use of broad-spectrum antibiotics
- Use of corticosteroid medications
Some women find they suffer more Yeast Infections when using oral contraceptives and this is due to an increase in the amount of glycogen in the vagina induced by changing hormone levels. Antibiotics, which kill beneficial bacteria along with the harmful ones, are another common cause of Yeast Infections.
The symptoms of Genital Candidiasis are similar to those of many other Genital Infections. Making a diagnosis usually requires laboratory testing of a genital swab taken from the affected area performed by a physician. Vaginitis symptoms, such as discomfort, may persist. The possibility exists that the infection may be passed between sex partners, even though this occurs rarely. On rare occasions, men may also experience Genital Candidiasis. Yeast Infection or VVC occurs more frequently and more severely in people with weakened immune systems.