Marfan Syndrome is an inherited disorder of the connective tissues. Marfan Syndrome affects many organ systems, including the skeleton, lungs, eyes, heart, and blood vessels. The condition can affect both men and women of any race or ethnic origin. Connective tissue is tissue that connects or provides structural support, and also determines the elasticity of the body’s organs, bones, and ligaments. Marfan Syndrome is characterized by stretching and weakening of the connective tissues in the heart, lungs, eyes, and skeletal system.
Medical professionals have now determined that a single gene located on chromosome 15, which contains the coding for fibrilin (a connective tissue protein) is responsible for Marfan Syndrome. Obviously, Marfan Syndrome is spread from parent to child as the fibrilin chromosome coding is passed genetically. However, this genetic coding can arise in the sperm or egg of a parent that does not have the disease. Marfan Syndrome is inherited as an autosomal dominant condition. Autosomal diseases are inherited through the non-sex chromosomes. In addition, Marfan Syndrome is inherited through a dominant gene.
Consider the following treatments of Marfan Syndrome:
- Regular echocardiograms
- Careful eye examination to detect lens dislocations
- The use of prescription glasses
- Careful monitor of the skeleton (particular during younger years)
- Beta blocker medications (to reduce blood pressure and thus stress to the aorta)
- People suffering from mitral valve prolapse , use antibiotics
- Avoid contact sports and strenuous exercise (to avoid injury to the aorta)